The hottest scrap recycling welcome policy parts r

2022-09-19
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Can the scrap recycling and remanufacturing of parts and components in the welcome policy survive this time

"we are the largest enterprise in the field of transmission remanufacturing in China, with an annual output of more than 30000 sets. The annual output of the largest transmission remanufacturing enterprise in the United States can reach more than 300000 sets, which is 10 times that of us." Recently, huangzhiyong, general manager of Guangzhou Huadu global automatic transmission Co., Ltd. (hereinafter referred to as "Huadu global automatic transmission Co., Ltd. keeps its color longer than wood") said in an interview with China Automotive News

the development of auto parts remanufacturing in China can be traced back to more than ten years ago, but it is regrettable and quite curious that with the explosive growth of the new car market, this market, which is naturally surrounded by energy conservation, environmental protection, and even cost-effectiveness, has been stagnant

how can the remanufacture of parts really "live", and when can it go out of the edge and get the due recognition and attention? For these problems, the automobile and related industries must face them directly. Now, the first thing that makes them wake up is a series of policy signals since this year

on January 30, the executive meeting of the State Council deliberated and adopted the measures for the administration of the recycling of end-of-life vehicles (Revised Draft) (hereinafter referred to as the "new measures"), which made major policy adjustments to the management of the recycling of end-of-life vehicles. On February 22, the State Information Office held a policy briefing, and relevant heads of the Ministry of Commerce and the Ministry of justice introduced the relevant information of the new measures. Wang Bingnan, Vice Minister of the Ministry of Commerce, said that the new measures are a major event related to the safety of people's lives and property, and will also have a far-reaching impact on the development of the automotive industry. It is reported that the new "measures" stipulates that the disassembled "five assemblies" that meet the conditions for remanufacturing can be sold to enterprises with remanufacturing capacity in accordance with relevant national regulations. This regulation will significantly enhance the value of the recycling of end-of-life vehicles and enhance the enthusiasm of car owners for scrapping

Zhang YAOBO, head of the second Legislative Bureau of the Ministry of justice, believes that the country is vigorously developing remanufacture, and auto parts are a core link in remanufacture. At present, the regulation in the original measures that the "five assemblies" can only be used as scrap metal for recycling is a legal obstacle to the development of remanufacture. The scrapped vehicle recycling and dismantling industry is the main channel for remanufacturing enterprises to obtain stable core sources. This core channel has not been opened up legally, and remanufacturing is difficult to develop. This revision allows the "five assemblies" to be sold to qualified remanufacturing enterprises for remanufacturing, which is a major revision and a highlight

what is the development of the parts remanufacturing industry at present? What achievements have been made? What are the challenges? After the release of policy dividends, what are the development prospects? Faced with this series of "question marks", China Automotive News launched a comprehensive investigation

Xiejianjun, Secretary General of the auto parts remanufacture branch of China Association of automobile manufacturers, said that in developed countries in Europe and the United States, remanufacture of waste mechanical and electrical products has a perfect development system and rich experience accumulation, and remanufacture is an important industry; However, the remanufacture of auto parts in China started late, which is an emerging industry

Xie Jianjun said that although the relevant national departments have actively promoted the pilot and demonstration work of remanufacture in recent years, released the catalogue of key remanufacture technologies, carried out the quality certification of remanufactured products, and made some positive progress in the development of remanufacture industry, on the whole, it is still in the primary stage of development, far behind developed countries, facing a series of obstacles and challenges in terms of demand, technology, policy and so on, and there is a long way to go. The first thing to admit is that the market awareness of remanufactured products is not high. The public either lacks awareness of remanufactured products, or has prejudice, and cannot distinguish between refurbishment and remanufacture. The root cause is that the refurbished products in our market are mixed, and there is a lack of clear product and production process standards

when I visited Beijing Dongfang Wanquan Automobile Sales Co., Ltd., I learned that the parts they replaced for users were all new original parts, and no remanufactured parts were used. Several car repair users in the store said they had never heard of remanufactured parts. After explaining the meaning of remanufactured parts, they asked: will such products have problems in quality

in fact, the remanufacture of parts must adopt advanced technology to restore the performance of the original machine, and at the same time, the technical upgrading and transformation of the original machine. The performance of the remanufactured products must reach or exceed that of the new products. No matter the whole machine or parts, or whether it is replaced or repaired, a basic principle that remanufacturing enterprises must adhere to is "the quality and performance of remanufactured products are not lower than the prototype new products"

in an interview, an Aochi auto dealer in Xinyang, Henan Province, said that he had never heard of remanufactured parts. The parts replaced by light truck users are basically original or sub factory parts, and no truck driver has proposed to use remanufactured parts

Li shunqiang, a heavy truck driver from Shijiazhuang, Hebei Province, told that if his car breaks down on the road, he basically goes to the roadside maintenance point to repair the car, and basically selects auxiliary factory parts to replace parts. These auxiliary parts are relatively cheap, and most maintenance stations will reserve them, so there is no need to wait, which can save time

Yin Kaisong, chief engineer of remanufacture technology of FAW Jiefang Engine Division (hereinafter referred to as "engine division"), said that for many years, relevant national departments and industry organizations have been actively promoting the development of remanufacture, but at present, user acceptance is still not high

in fact, policies and regulations still lack support for the development of remanufacturing industry. China has issued a series of documents to support the development of remanufacturing industry, but there is a general lack of implementation rules, and the operational basis of existing policies and regulations is not clear

in addition, the remanufacturing and circulation market of parts and components is not perfect. On the one hand, remanufacturing enterprises cannot obtain value-added tax invoices for core procurement, and there is no input tax, so it is difficult to deduct costs, which greatly reduces their own profit space; On the other hand, the "trade in" financial support policy for remanufactured products has not achieved the expected results, and many obstacles have been encountered since the implementation of the pilot program. For example, the operation of the "trade in" information management system is complex and the data review is strict. Some enterprises cannot receive subsidies due to the non-standard or incomplete input of product information

has potential environmental, social and economic benefits

perhaps the situation of the parts remanufacturing industry confirms the old saying: "wine is afraid of deep alleys"

as an advanced form of "reuse" of circular economy, the development of remanufacturing industry has opened up the circular industrial chain of "resources products China has recently taken the comprehensive, harmonious and sustainable scientific concept of development as the guiding ideology, scrap remanufactured products", built an energy-saving, environmental protection and sustainable industrial green development model, and laid the foundation for the development of industrial greening

Xie Jianjun said that the development of remanufacturing industry can, on the one hand, alleviate the environmental load caused by a large number of scrapped products, promote the repeated recycling of waste mechanical and electrical products, and reduce the repeated manufacturing of manufacturing industry. On the other hand, compared with manufacturing new products, remanufacturing can save energy by 60%, materials by 70%, and costs by more than 50%, almost no solid waste is produced, and the emission of air pollutants can be reduced by more than 80%. Dujinjing, deputy general manager of Boke (Changshu) Motor Co., Ltd., also gave similar data. He also said: "compared with manufacturing new products, remanufactured products can save 50% of the cost."

according to the research of relevant foreign institutions, the remanufacture of an average 5 kg motor can reduce the carbon dioxide emission of 9 kg, save 12% copper and 18% aluminum compared with the manufacture of a brand-new motor. Accounting for 500000 remanufactured motors a year, 4500 tons of carbon dioxide emissions can be reduced, and its ecological effect is equivalent to planting 360 hectares of forest, saving 300 tons of copper and 450 tons of aluminum

Du Jinjing said that in the past, automobile manufacturing was a "one-off deal" of vehicle assembly. After scrapping, scrap iron was sold, resulting in a great waste of resources. With remanufacturing technology, the usable parts such as engines and transmissions can be selected and repaired with new technologies and materials, so that the wear resistance and airtightness of remanufactured products become better. Compared with new products, remanufactured products are more environmentally friendly and more competitive in price

Yin Kaisong also stressed that although the remanufacture of parts and components is still a new thing for most Chinese people, compared with traditional manufacturing, it has the characteristics of energy saving and material saving, belongs to the category of green manufacturing, and is an important content in the reduction, reuse and recycling of circular economy. According to him, remanufactured products have the same performance as new products, but the price is only about half of new products. "Diesel engine remanufacture is mainly aimed at the after-sales market, and the price is generally 75% off that of new products, which is equivalent to new products in terms of performance indicators and after-sales service." Yin Kaisong told China auto news

relevant experts from the China Association of automobile manufacturers also pointed out that the energy consumption of a newly manufactured automobile engine is 10 times higher than that of remanufacturing, and the energy consumption of a remanufactured automobile generator is 1/7 of that of a newly manufactured product. Therefore, the remanufacturing of parts and components can not only obtain rich environmental and social benefits, but also obtain good economic benefits. Antibacterial plastics have a very positive significance in advocating green manufacturing today by making antibacterial and mildew proof masterbatches in a certain proportion

It is understood that the remanufactured products of Huadu global automatic transmission company mainly match the models of Dongfeng Nissan, Dongfeng Peugeot, Dongfeng Citroen, Beijing Hyundai, Dongfeng Yueda Kia, Chery and other enterprises. Some of them are purchased by automobile manufacturers and then sold to 4S stores, while others are directly sold to 4S stores or repair plants. The remanufactured transmission mainly comes from the parts returned to the factory during the three guarantee period of the vehicle enterprises, the parts recycled by 4S stores and maintenance plants, and the products replaced by insurance companies from the accident vehicles

in fact, the scale of products that can be supplied by the above channels is not large. Why didn't Huadu global automatic transmission company purchase from scrap recycling enterprises? Facing the questioning of China auto news, Huang Zhiyong said that at present, the price of motor vehicle scrapping and recycling is relatively low, basically old models, and the parts have little value of remanufacture

Yin Kaisong also said in an interview that at present, the scrap rate of end-of-life vehicles in China is about 3%, and the recycling and disassembly rate is about 20%. It is difficult for remanufacturing enterprises to obtain sufficient blank resources from disassembly enterprises, let alone develop and grow. It is reported that the main remanufactured cores of the engine business unit come from the three guarantees compensation machine, scrap and dead parts, and the number of cores recycled from the market and disassembly plants is small

according to Yin Kaisong, in terms of engine remanufacture, parts such as cylinder block, cylinder head, crankshaft, connecting rod, supercharger, starter, generator and so on can be remanufactured. Flywheel housing, oil pan, intake and exhaust pipes, and various supports can be directly reused. Originally, they were directly recycled as smelting raw materials, which is a great waste. "We encourage the 'five assemblies' to be remanufactured by qualified remanufacturing enterprises, promote the recycling of parts with certain use value, and expand the source channels of core parts for remanufacturing enterprises

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